暖通空調>期刊目次>2023年>第7期

復合冰殼建筑及其建筑熱環境研究綜述與展望

Review and prospects of research on composite ice shell building and its building thermal environment

張媛媛[1][2] 郭佳昌[1][3] 羅鵬[1][2] 劉京[1][2] 夏赟[4]
[1]哈爾濱工業大學 [2]寒地城鄉人居環境科學與技術工業和信息化部重點實驗室 [3]黃河勘測規劃設計研究院有限公司 [4]黑龍江省寒地建筑科學研究院

摘要:

復合冰殼建筑是在傳統冰建筑上發展而來的一種新興的極具地域特色的建筑形式,作為冰雪產業的一種重要載體,具有較大的發展潛力,對提振地方經濟具有重要意義。由于相關研究及規范滯后,復合冰殼建筑現處于工程實踐先行于理論研究的無序發展階段,在建筑熱環境營造方面缺乏科學引導。本文從建筑發展、建筑材料、建筑熱環境及建筑熱舒適4個方面對國內外有關復合冰殼建筑的研究進行了歸納梳理,在總結現有研究的基礎上,指出了復合冰殼建筑發展需解決的科學問題,對未來的研究方向進行了展望。

關鍵詞:復合冰殼建筑;復合冰材料;熱環境;熱舒適;光熱傳輸特性

Abstract:

 The composite ice shell building is an emerging form of architecture with great regional characteristics developed on common ice architecture, and is considered an important carrier of the ice industry. It has great potential for development and is of great significance to boost the local economy. Due to the lag of related research and specification, the composite ice shell building is now in a disorderly development stage where engineering practice is ahead of theoretical research, and there is a lack of scientific guidance in building thermal environment creation. This paper reviews the research on the composite ice shell building at home and abroad from four aspects, including building development, building materials, building thermal environment and building thermal comfort, points out the scientific problems that need to be solved urgently for its development based on summary of the existing research, and makes an outlook on the future research direction.

Keywords:compositeiceshellbuilding;compositeicematerial;thermalenvironment;thermalcomfort;lightandheattransferproperty

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